Re: [xsl] document() and fragment

Subject: Re: [xsl] document() and fragment
From: Brian Smith <blsmith@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Mon, 17 Dec 2001 19:50:46 -0600
Thank you all for your replies. The reason I was using this feature was because I have documents that are inter-linked using XLinks, with each XLink pointing to a specific element in the document via a bare name XPointer.

I can see how the Saxon behavior is oriented to do embedded stylesheets. When I was poking around with the source code I noticed that if you have multiple links to the same document (e.g. "doc.xml#id1", "doc.xml#id2") the document gets parsed multiple times, each time with a different SAX filter. So, I imagine the Saxon behavior is not really suitable performance-wise when you have a lot of links between a small number of documents (such as what I have). Also, I don't know how the Saxon behavior works with things like generate-id() or not because I didn't test it that much.

I have written an extension function with the EXSLT functions module that will do fragment id's (bare name XPointers). It is included below. Please note that it is pretty limited because I just had a short time to work on it. When I have more time I will extend it work more like the XSLT document() function w.r.t. the first parameter being a node-set. Also, I will try to make it be a complete XPointer implementation if that is possible using the EXSLT evaluate() function. If you find a bug please let me know.


<?xml version='1.0'?>
<!-- XLink Support v 0.1 by Brian L. Smith (brian-l-smith@xxxxxxxxx).
      1. If the first parameter is a node-set, only the first node
         in the node-set is used. In the future, this function will
         treat the first parameter exactly the same way that document()
         treats its first parameter.

     I baven't tested this very much. If you find a bug please let me

     Misc: The behavior of bls:xlink(string) is slightly different than
           the XSL document(string) function. The XSL document(string)
           function will use the base URI that is active in the
           stylesheet instead of the base URI that is in effect for the
           source document. The bls:xlink(string) function does just the
           opposite: it will use the base URI that is in effect for the
           current document node instead of the base URI in effect in
           the stylesheet. The reason for the difference is that I don't
           know how to get the base URI that is in effect for the
           importing stylesheet in (E)XSLT.
<xsl:stylesheet version='1.0'

<func:function name='bls:href'>
  <xsl:param name='href'/>
  <xsl:param name='base' select='bls:get-base-node($href)'/>

    select='document(substring-before(concat($href, "#"), "#"), $base)'>
    <func:result select=' current()[not(contains($href, "#"))]
                        | id(substring-after($href, "#"))'/>

<func:function name='bls:get-base-node'>
  <xsl:param name='nodeset-or-string'/>
    <xsl:when test='exslt:object-type($nodeset-or-string) = "node-set"'>
      <func:result select='$nodeset-or-string'/>
      <func:result select='.'/>


Michael Kay wrote:

Looking again at the spec, you're probably correct that
document("doc.xml#text") should build a tree representing the entire
document, and then return a reference to the element with ID "text", rather
than building a tree rooted at the "text" element. The current design is
essentially a side-effect of the way that Saxon implements embedded
stylesheets, and is handy because it saves memory when you only want access
to a small part of a secondary input document. For the effect that you want,
I'd suggest you avoid using the fragment identifier (they aren't very
portable anyway), and instead use the id() function to select the nodes you
want within the retrieved document.

Mike Kay

-----Original Message-----
From: owner-xsl-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
[mailto:owner-xsl-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]On Behalf Of Brian Smith
Sent: 17 December 2001 05:48
To: XSL-List@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Subject: [xsl] document() and fragment

Saxon 6.4.4 supports using a fragment identifier (bare name xpointer) with the document function like this: document("doc.xml#text"). This is very handy but it is causing me a problem with the way the resulting node-set is rooted.

Lets say I have this document, doc.xml (assume "id" is an ID

   <package id="a1" name="javax">
       <package id="a2" name="swing">
          <package id="a3" name="text"/>

Now, lets say I'm processing another document, and I evaluate the
expression document("doc.xml#a3"). Saxon will return a
node-set with a
root node containing the package element with id "a3"
("text"). But, I
need to traverse the ancestor:: axis in order to get the
 name of the package ("javax.swing.text"), such as by doing this:

<xsl:for-each select='document("doc.xml#text")/*
     <xsl:value-of select='@name'/>
     <xsl:if test='position() != last()'>.</xsl:if>

Unfortunately, this doesn't work because the result of
"document()" will
be rooted at the "a3" node, not at the actual root of the doucment.

Is there any way around this? I wish the document() function
behaved in
a way that would allow me to access the ancestors and predecessors of
the selected element.


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