RE: AW: Encoded question

Subject: RE: AW: Encoded question
From: "Christopher R. Maden" <crism@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Sat, 11 Nov 2000 22:45:55 -0800
At 15:17 7-11-2000 +0000, Kay Michael wrote:
> > > 1) What do I have to do to render &#153; as &#153; (not as "~Y")?
> >
> > I don't think that these characters are allowed characters.

This is an allowed character in XML (and therefore XSLT) even though it has
no defined meaning in Unicode.

Almost: it has a well-defined meaning of being a system-assigned control character. It is not, ever, a trademark sign.

You can output the character by writing &#153; in your stylesheet.

You can influence how the character is output by selecting the output
encoding, e.g.
xsl:output encoding="iso-8859-1"; however, you can't force the processor to
use a decimal character reference rather than some equivalent

Yes, but you can't ever output a trademark sign from this.

All numeric character entity references in an XML document (including XSLT transformation sheets) are references to Unicode characters, regardless of the input encoding (and certainly regardless of the transformation sheet's requested output encoding).

If you want a trademark sign, use &#x2122; as someone else already suggested. A good XSLT engine, when outputting as HTML, will represent this as &trade;, which most browsers now support.

I suspect that the ~Y appeared because the processor produced correct UTF-8
output and you looked at it with something that doesn't understand UTF-8.

I don't think so; character 153 (U+0099) in UTF-8 would be \xC2 \x99, which would have displayed (in a non-UTF-8-aware Windows editor) as A-circumflex and a trademark sign. Another possibility is that the display program correctly recognized the character as a control character, and displayed it in using its own control-code patois.

Christopher R. Maden, Senior XML Analyst, Lexica LLC
222 Kearny St., Ste. 202, San Francisco, CA 94108-4510
+1.415.901.3631 tel./+1.415.477.3619 fax
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