Subject: Re: fences (variable size math symbols) From: David Carlisle <davidc@xxxxxxxxx> Date: Wed, 10 Jun 1998 12:14:01 +0100 
> Can you post an example of the source text upon which you expect > to operate along with a description of what the expected output would OK one more try. This is, I (and jade) believe, a valid piece of mathml. The intention is that it is one possible rendering of the expression in the comment at the top. (It would be good style to have more nested <mrow> elements, or use content markup but that isn't the point here. I have made some of the attributes explicit here although they are in fact the default values as implied by the operator dictionary of mathml. (I can implement the dictionary in dsssl, so it should make no difference whether the attributes are explicit or not). <math> <! a + ( a^{[X]} + {1 \over2}  x + {A^A}^A ) + b > <mrow> <mi>a</mi> <mo>+</mo> <mo form="prefix" fence="true" stretchy="true">(</mo> <msup> <mi>a</mi> <mrow> <mo form="prefix" fence="true" stretchy="true">[</mo> <mi>X</mi> <mo form="postfix" fence="true" stretchy="true">]</mo> </mrow> </msup> <mo>+</mo> <mfrac> <mn>1</mn> <mn>2</mn> </mfrac> <mo form="infix" fence="true" stretchy="true"></mo> <mi>x</mi> <mo>+</mo> <msup> <msup> <mi>A</mi> <mi>A</mi> </msup> <mi>A</mi> </msup> <mo form="postfix" fence="true" stretchy="true">)</mo> <mo>+</mo> <mi>b</mi> </mrow> </math> Note that the three operators "(" "" and ")" are all to be the same size, large enough to cover the whole expression, including the parts `outside' the brackets. A fence flow object only lets me specify two characters that stretch so is not sufficient. If I make one fence flow object that wraps up the expression between ( and  then they will be the same size, but then an outer fence flow object that wraps up a null open with the closing ) will make that closing ) large enough to cover the sub expression _including_ ( and  and so typically will make the ) larger than the (. What I want to come out of the tex backend is this. \fenced{% a + \makefence\mathopen( a^{\fenced{\makefence\mathopen[X\makefence\mathclose]}} + {1\over2} \makefence\mathbin\ x+ {A^A}^A \makefence\mathclose) + b } where \fenced should be the outcome of a mathsequence flow object that contains fences. and \fence<mathclass><character> stretches the specified character and gives it spacing for the appropriate class. The question is. How do I get from here to there? Not really what dsssl do I need to do that, but what FOT output should I be trying to produce? The tex (which isn't very polished as I just wrote it this morning, to go with this message) has several features that I would rather like to preserve. 1) All fences in the specified expression grow by the same amount. 2) Line breaking may happen within the expression, if so a suitable indenation is applied to the broken sections. 3) Line breaking does not affect the calculated size of the characters. David plain tex document setting the above expression in wide and narrow measures follows. (With apologies to those who don't speak TeX or math  is there a better list for this type of question. I tried wwwmath list before but it is excessively quiet)  \catcode`\@=11 \def\fenced{% \mathpalette\d@fence} \def\@gobbletwo#1#2{} \def\d@fence#1#2{% \setbox\z@\hbox{% \let\makefence\@gobbletwo \m@th $#1#2$}% \begingroup \edef\@fenceht{\the\ht\z@}% \edef\@fencedp{\the\dp\z@}% #2% \endgroup} \def\makefence#1#2{% #1{\hbox{$% \n@space \left#2% \hbox{\vrule height\@fenceht depth\@fencedp width 0pt}% \right.% $}}% \ifx#1\mathbin \hskip\z@ plus1fill \penalty0 \hskip\z@ plus2fill \null \hskip\z@ plus1fill \fi} %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% % display a math expression and indicate horizontal measure. \def\display#1{% \vbox{\hsize#1\bigskip\hrule\bigskip \everypar{\hfil}\parfillskip\z@ plus 1fil \noindent$\expression$% \bigskip\hrule}} % Today's test expression \def\expression{% % \fenced{% a + \makefence\mathopen( a^{\fenced{\makefence\mathopen[X\makefence\mathclose]}} + {1\over2} \makefence\mathbin\ x+ {A^A}^A \makefence\mathclose) + b }} % wide measure \display{\hsize} % same again to narrow measure \display{1.5in} \bye DSSSList info and archive: http://www.mulberrytech.com/dsssl/dssslist
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